Scouting Locations for Wildlife Photography: A Guide for Urban and Rural Settings


As an amateur wildlife photographer, few things compare to the excitement of capturing a stunning image of a creature in its natural habitat. With patience, determination, and a sense of adventure, you can create a portfolio that showcases the beauty and diversity of wildlife in both urban and rural settings. In this article, we’ll discuss practical tips for scouting locations, addressing challenges, and finding the best times to photograph various species.

Urban Wildlife Photography

Urban environments may not be the first place that comes to mind for wildlife photography, but cities are teeming with unique opportunities. Here are some tips to get you started:

  1. Local parks and green spaces: Parks often provide habitats for various bird species, squirrels, rabbits, and even the occasional fox or deer. Early mornings and late afternoons are often the best times for sightings.
  2. Waterways: Rivers, canals, and ponds attract various waterfowl and aquatic species. Bridges and piers can also be excellent vantage points for spotting wildlife.
  3. Research online: Websites and social media groups dedicated to urban wildlife can provide valuable information about local species and their habitats.
  4. Consult local experts: Park rangers, birdwatchers, and nature enthusiasts are often happy to share their knowledge about the best locations for urban wildlife photography.

Rural Wildlife Photography

Rural settings offer diverse ecosystems and a higher concentration of wildlife species. Here are some tips to help you scout for the perfect shot:

  1. Research the area: Identify the types of habitats in your region, such as forests, wetlands, or grasslands, and learn about the species that inhabit them. Online resources, local wildlife organizations, and wildlife photography forums can be invaluable sources of information.
  2. Connect with local experts: Reach out to wildlife biologists, park rangers, or nature guides in your area. They can provide insights on the best locations, times, and conditions for capturing specific species.
  3. Use trail cameras: In densely forested areas, trail cameras can help you track animal movements and identify patterns, increasing your chances of finding elusive species.
  4. Plan for nocturnal animals: Capturing images of nocturnal species, such as owls, bats, or foxes, requires special planning. Scout locations during the day and familiarize yourself with the terrain to avoid surprises when shooting at night. Use a camera with good low-light performance and consider using a flash or other artificial light sources to illuminate your subject.

A Personal Experience

I’ll never forget the excitement of capturing my first image of a shy pine marten, a creature I’d been trying to photograph for months. I had consulted with a local wildlife biologist who suggested a specific location where the martens had been spotted recently. After setting up my trail camera and waiting for several days, I finally captured a series of stunning images of the elusive creature. This experience reinforced the importance of persistence, research, and local knowledge in wildlife photography.

Ethical Wildlife Photography Practices

As photographers, it’s essential to prioritize the well-being of the animals we photograph. Keep these ethical guidelines in mind when scouting locations and capturing images:

  1. Avoid disturbing animals, their homes, or their natural behaviors.
  2. Keep a safe distance from your subjects, using a telephoto lens if necessary.
  3. Do not feed or bait wildlife to attract them for photographs.
  4. Be mindful of the environment and tread lightly, leaving no trace behind.

Planning and Timing

Understanding the best times to photograph various species is crucial for successful wildlife photography. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Dawn and dusk: Many animals are most active during these “golden hours,” offering opportunities for dramatic lighting and increased wildlife activity.
  • Seasonal changes: Migrations, mating seasons, and the birth of young animals all provide unique photographic opportunities. Research the natural cycles of the species in your area to determine the best times to capture these events.
  • Weather conditions: Some species may be more active during specific weather conditions, such as rain or snow. Don’t shy away from less-than-ideal weather, as it can lead to captivating and unique images.

Online Resources and Local Expertise

To scout the best wildlife photography locations, leverage online resources and local expertise:

  • Online forums and social media groups: Connect with fellow wildlife photographers and enthusiasts to share information, experiences, and advice.
  • Local wildlife organizations and clubs: These groups often have a wealth of knowledge about regional species and their habitats, as well as organized events and outings.
  • Ebird and iNaturalist: These platforms provide valuable information about bird and wildlife sightings, helping you identify hotspots and track seasonal patterns.
  • Maps and satellite images: Use online maps and satellite imagery to identify potential habitats, such as water sources, green spaces, and wildlife corridors.


Scouting locations for wildlife photography can be a rewarding and educational experience, whether you’re exploring urban parks or venturing into remote wilderness areas. By leveraging online resources, consulting with local experts, and employing patience and persistence, you can capture breathtaking images of the natural world. As you embark on your wildlife photography journey, always remember to prioritize the welfare of the animals and the environment, ensuring that your images reflect a respectful and ethical approach to this captivating art form.

The Creativv
American digital marketer and founder of with over a decade of experience in event, travel, portrait, product, and cityscape photography.